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With a ten-point program, an international expert commission wants to slow down climate change makes sense - in such a way that the economy is not to come running out. Investment in a low-CO2 energy supply might be worthwhile for the environment and humans.
The "Global Commission on the Economy and the Climate" assumes that can be achieved by their published report in the proposals, the two-degree target to 96 percent. In the two-degree target, which has been agreed at the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen in 2009, it comes to limit global warming to two degrees Celsius. Specifically, the global greenhouse gas emissions to be limited to 2020 to 44 billion tonnes.
The report calls for greater international cooperation between governments, companies and investors as well as cities in order to reduce CO2 emissions sustainably.
"This report shows that success is possible: We can aspire to economic growth and at the same time close the dangerous emissions gap," said Felipe Calderon, head of the Commission and former president of Mexico. The world can achieve both together: global prosperity and a stable and secure environment. The low-CO2 economy is already on the rise.
The ten-point program at a glance:
1. New challenges and opportunities for a low-CO2 energy supply and international cooperation
New Opportunities sees the report, especially in connection with:
rapid innovation and the declining cost of clean technologies.
the fall in oil prices as a way to make the carbon pricing policy new and reforming fossil fuel subsidies. the growing international attention in investment in infrastructure, especially in terms of emission quotas.
the increased awareness of climate risks in the financial sector.
the growing interest of emerging and developing countries to reduce the CO2 emissions. Countries in Latin America and Africa should cooperate in the reforestation, according to the report. By 2030 the process of deforestation should be stopped.
2. speed up the reduction of CO2 emissions in global cities
By 2013, 60 percent of the world's population will live in cities. 71 to 76 percent of energy-related greenhouse gas emissions originate in cities nowadays. It is according to the report, therefore, essential that future investments are both low in CO2 and climate-friendly in urban infrastructures. The advantage for the cities: Air quality and health of the population and the economic productivity rise. First steps in this direction have already been 2014gemacht the UN Climate Change Conference: Mayor of megacities have joined forces to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in their cities. About 80 cities are so far doing.
3. Restore and protect agricultural land and forests
The demand for agricultural and wood products will increase dramatically in the coming decades due to the growing population, according to the forecast. Globally, countries therefore face the challenge of one hand not to let out of resources, and secondly to ensure that the very important resources, such as arable land and forests are protected. To cope with this balance, the report suggests, among others, the following measures: the reduction of food waste, planting new grain varieties, the use of new methods in animal production systems;
4. annually invest at least one trillion dollars in clean energy
Investment in clean energy has increased significantly in recent years: in 2014 270 billion dollars have been put into renewable energy. Add to that the cost of low-CO2 technologies continue to fall. As the demand for energy in the next 15 years is expected to increase by 25 to 35 percent, it plays a more significant role in the future world will be invested in the type of energy supply. CO2 emissions from fossil fuels account for two-thirds of global greenhouse gas emissions. When it comes to the report, it therefore makes sense to invest more in clean energy.
5. Global energy efficiency standards
Efficiency is the key word in order to provide an affordable and reliable energy system. Especially for fast-growing economies that are trying to achieve universal energy access with limited resources, efficiency and energy efficiency standards play an important role. "Making the best global standards" in key areas such as transport, household appliances and lighting, building and industry would save energy and costs, according to the report.
6. An effective carbon pricing policy
A growing number of states, governments and companies have recognized the value of a CO2 pricing policy. A strong, predictable and rising carbon price, a kind of CO2-control, is a very efficient way to advance climate and financial targets, the report predicts.
7. New infrastructure must be climate-friendly
Efficient power grids, water and sewage systems, transportation systems and communication networks - ie a functioning infrastructure - are essential for modern economies and societies. They determine whether people travel by car, on foot, by bicycle or by public transport are on the road - or, if you are dependent on fossil fuels or renewable energy. All the more does the report, the task is to invest in future in climate-friendly infrastructures.
8. low-CO2 innovations
To achieve the two-degree target, we need loud report of technical innovations and a good co-operation: The report proposes a stronger international cooperation between local authorities prior to mutually strengthen themselves in the climate-friendly development. The concerns better transport systems, effective waste management and climate-friendly building. By 2050, as $ 17 trillion (15.4 trillion euros) could be saved. To $ 18 trillion by 2035 could increase the global gross national product, if politicians for appliances, lighting and vehicles agreed higher efficiencies and corresponding investments would push.
9. promote CO2-carbon technologies by business and investors
Large corporations contribute a large part to the global CO2 emissions. But companies are also driving technological innovation and a low-CO2 economy activity. Meanwhile, at least some companies have changed sides on climate change and integrated into their corporate strategies. At the climate summit in Paris in 2015 business organizations have called for stronger advocate for climate protection and to conclude a new international climate agreement.
10. reduce emissions from international aviation and maritime transport
The Commission also calls for stricter limits in carbon dioxide emissions in the aviation and shipping. In shipping alone so could $ 200 billion can be saved in fuel costs - a year.