Learn to use the technical basics of photography
What is the shutter, which shutter speed? What is the ISO value in charge? And how these factors influence each other? How do the different types of exposure measurement of my camera and what is the right for different uses? Even without being able to answer these questions, can be made with today's digital cameras passable snapshots. However, the knowledge helps immensely to shutter speed, ISO and Co. to achieve far better results in different situations. And at the latest when you ask more ambitious demands on your photography and with eg a digital SLR camera work, the knowledge about the technical basics is essential. If You've never dealt with this matter, it falls at first somewhat difficult to acquire the necessary basic knowledge and put it into practice. If this basic understanding is but only once available, you will be with the time and the necessary exercise fast very safe when setting the correct values for the respective image situation!
For a quick introduction to the subject, I have to check the main points of detail, but easily explained. In addition to aperture, shutter speed and ISO setting, the measurement methods of cameras are vividly conveyed. On the Internet there is additionally, as well as numerous other sources, especially videos, mediate this matter. Who's command of English, should be carefully perform this basic video by Tony Northrup once to mind. Especially on the go as a "cheat sheet" can be extremely helpful and this infographic (pdf file).
Look reflected perspective and framing: Before releasing
Before I press the shutter button and hold fast an image I think about in addition to the matching values for speed, aperture, and ISO also, if I, the desired visual effect achieved with the image detail or the perspective that I have chosen. You should therefore consider beforehand whether you find yourself with your camera to the right position and these have properly aligned. Depending on the nature of the subject and the situation should be let diverse thoughts about going through your head. Sit apart with your motif, for example, go around it (if possible), look at it from below and from above, from left and from right. Where is the best background? From which perspective the subject will appear in the right light? What other image elements disturb which values the photo? What focal length is the right one for the subject and the image effect? Of course situations where you have to react very quickly to the camera, for example, in sports photography or when photographing animals. But the basic approach should be to have studied before pressing the shutter button with the image design.
Faster learning progress when shooting with a fixed focal length
A prime lens is a lens whose focal length range can not be changed. So you can not "back", as it says so beautiful the layman. In addition to optical advantages over lenses with variable focal length (eg higher optical resolution, light level), these lenses have especially for learning joyful Photography freshmen an enormous advantage: the reduction to a fixed focal length you deal automatically intensive described with in the second paragraph approach. Instead of mindlessly "in and to zoom out," you go up a few steps closer or away from the subject, change the angle etc. The ultimately deals intensively with the image you want to capture. Natural zoom lenses also have their pros and cons. A little comparison of zoom lenses and prime lenses can be found here.
It is therefore recommended especially for newbies to invest in such an objective. For starters I recommend prime lenses at 50mm, because its image section is the most universally used. With this focal length can master a fairly wide range of shooting situations at least in combination with reflex cameras that have a full-frame sensor. However, most beginners DSLRs have a so-called Crop sensor. In this type of sensor, the image section reduced by approximately one third and 50mm are more in 80mm, which then goes back in the telephoto range and the possibilities limits. Fixed focal length to 30mm are in Crop sensors therefore the better choice because they meet here in about 50mm lenses. A good choice to start with is as the Canon EF 35mm 1: 2.0 or the AF-S DX Nikkor 35mm.
Constant practice and critical approach to their own pictures
"Practice makes perfect" added, it's a pretty platter saying, but why not a false. In terms of photography you could also say: "Your first 1000 photos are your worst." Only through constant practice you will get better. Scan as much as possible and take to heart the pertinent instructions of this and other articles. Reflect your own photos critically and ask yourself what you could have done better. Look in the course of its pictures by other photographers and learn from them. Compare your photos but not with the works of outstanding masters and photographer Do not be discouraged. One can not today be as good tomorrow to publish photos for National Geographic. Good renowned photographers have even begun and usually a very long and stony learning process behind them.
"Last but not least," it should be said: Have fun taking pictures! This advice is just as important as all the above.