Damage to a destroyed during an air raid by the Israeli army in Gaza City building in 2014/EFE
The humanitarian organization, in collaboration with the research team of the University of London Forensic Architecture, has used advanced digital techniques and satellite imagery and eyewitness. Amnesty International (AI) on Wednesday accused Israel of committing war crimes in retaliation for the capture of an Israeli soldier during the latest offensive in Gaza in August 2014, in which 135 civilians were killed, 75 of them children.
"There is compelling evidence that Israeli forces committed war crimes in the relentless and massive bombing carried out on residential areas of Rafah to thwart the capture of Lieutenant Hadar Goldin, showing signs of an alarming disregard for the lives of civilians. They conducted a series of disproportionate or indiscriminate attacks, which have not investigated independently at all, "said Philip Luther, director of the Regional Programme for the Middle East and North Africa at Amnesty International.
To produce the report, "Black Friday: Killing in Rafah during the conflict in Israel and Gaza in 2014" humanitarian organization, in collaboration with the research team of the University of London Forensic Architecture, it has used advanced digital techniques and satellite imagery and eyewitness testimony. The enormous amount of collected data is subsequently submitted to military experts and other specialists and then reassembled in chronological order to create a detailed description of what happened from May 1 to August 4, 2014, when the Israeli army applied the procedure in "Hannibal "following the capture of Lieutenant Hadar Goldin. Under the guideline "Hannibal", Israeli forces might respond to the capture of a soldier with a severe attack even endanger the lives of soldiers or civilians in the area.
"It seems that after the capture of the soldier, Israeli forces set aside rules and wantonly attacked, with fatal consequences for the civilian population. The aim was to thwart the capture at all costs. Totally ignore the obligation to take precautions to avoid loss of civilian life was. Whole districts of Rafah, including densely populated residential areas without distinction between civilians and military targets, "explained Philip Luther were bombed.
Amnesty International also accuses the Israeli authorities have made "credible, independent and impartial investigations into violations of international humanitarian law" and indicates that the Israeli military investigations on some of the actions taken by its forces in Rafah on August 1 no They have yielded no responsible.
Israel, meanwhile, has indicated through its Ministry of Foreign Affairs that the report "is full of weaknesses in its methodology and in fact, in their legal analysis and conclusions". Foreign AI also believes that "building a false narrative by claiming that the four-day military operations were a direct response to the killing and kidnapping of an Israeli soldier forgetting that had an active conflict during which the army acted to stop rocket fire and neutralize border tunnels assault. " It also argues that the NGO does not consider the possibility that the evidence obtained may be subject to the "coercion" of Hamas, stressing the "obsession" of the organization towards Israel.