|© Picture: REUTERS / Edgard Garrido|
The escape route from Mexico drug boss "El Chapo". Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman has dug deep to become the most powerful drug traffickers in the world. More than 100 underground passages, the police have discovered since the 1990s under the border between Mexico and the United States. It is not at all dark, narrow cave, but masterpieces of civil engineering.
They have lighting and ventilation systems, some even running on rails Loren to transport drugs north and weapons south. The engineering of the Sinaloa cartel was "El Chapo" even with its spectacular prison escape on Saturday a week ago to Good. His assistants had a 1.5-kilometer tunnel driven into the wash corner of his cell in the maximum security prison of El Altiplano, by walking the drug lord to freedom.
Since then, in Mexico hunting season: thousands of policemen and soldiers looking on water, on land and in the air after Guzman. The United States has pledged to help. And the international police organization Interpol wrote "El Chapo" again worldwide manhunt and extradition from. "It is very difficult to quickly arrest him again," said Sen. Alejandro Encinas, who belongs to the Security Committee of the Congress. "An organization that is able to dig a 1.5-kilometer tunnel in a maximum security prison, a person can hide."
"El Chapo" soon untouchable?
Should he do it only once in his stronghold in the border area between the states of Sinaloa and Durango in the north-west of the country, he would be really untouchable. In his home region Guzman has a heavily armed private army, a well-developed network of informants and the support of the population.
|© Imago / Xinhua "El Chapo" has a strong network.|
An important role in the investigation could Guzman's third wife Emma Coronel play. The former beauty queen himself comes from an influential drug traffickers family and is the mother of the youngest child of "El Chapo". Their whereabouts are unknown, however: Since the 24-year-old and her twins also have US citizenship, they could stay in the neighboring country.
From the outbreak of a legend
With the spectacular eruption Guzman has finally become a legend: He is now not only the most powerful drug traffickers in the world, which it with a fortune estimated at one billion US dollars (approximately EUR 918 million) in the meantime on the "Forbes" list of richest people in the world make it. He is also the specter that towered twice from a maximum security prison.
|© Attorney General's Office / Handout via Reuters|
The flight of the main prisoner of Mexico is an embarrassment for the government of President Enrique Pena Nieto, who enjoys basking in the splendor of spectacular strikes against organized crime. It would be "unforgivable", the president said after the arrest of "El Chapo" in the past year, the cartel boss should get away again.
Experts warn of overvaluation
But experts warn against overrating the outbreak of "El Chapo". "In Mexico, organized crime is greater than a single boss," write the analysts of security firm Stratfor. You to consider that Guzman's arrest already did not significantly weaken the Sinaloa cartel one year ago, the experts specialized in security issues news portal Insight Crime. His return to the top of the syndicate should now run just as smoothly.
However, the flight could be a warning shot. "The main question is whether the Mexican government uses this embarrassing crisis and begins to devote himself seriously the fight against crime, public security and the rule of law," writes political scientist Vanda Felbab-Brown from the US research institute Brookings Institution.