|Greenhouse © image: istockphoto.com/George Clerk www.georgeclerk.com|
Russian companies deserved to damage caused intentionally pollution. In Russia, greenhouse gases are en masse, according to a newspaper report has been produced solely for the purpose to earn with its subsequent reduction large sums in emissions trading.
The "Süddeutsche Zeitung" reported Monday on its website on joint research with the WDR, which companies in Russia and Ukraine many years systematically deserved to alleged climate action without saving even one gram of greenhouse gases.
Emissions international action
The business model is based according to the report on standards of the Kyoto Protocol on climate change. After that saved emissions can act internationally, in the form of special allowances. They can be sold at a profit to other companies, such that they fulfill the EU's climate conditions.
Sales of harmful waste products
Süddeutsche.de cites the example of plastics producer Halopolymer in Russian Perm. In September 2012, the company reported accordingly proud last year, sales have grown by 73 percent, partly due to "the implementation of provisions of the Kyoto Protocol". In fact, 40 percent of sales are not from the production of plastics, but of the greenhouse gases SF6 and HFC 23, which actually are waste products from the production of plastics. In this way Halopolymer gained in 2011 nearly $ 200 million (173.96 million euros).
Other Russian Kunststoffwerke had screwed up massively in 2011 the production of greenhouse gases, writes süddeutsche.de. This increase, however, let not be attributed to the fact that more plastic was produced. "We expect that the investments were deliberately operated inefficiently, so many greenhouse gases," said study author Lambert Schneider of the Stockholm Environment Institute at the "Süddeutsche".
"The aim was to make profits, and at the expense of the climate"
Because of the subsequent savings in emissions factories received certificates according to the report, which could be sold mainly in the EU at a profit - about at power plants in Germany, which could then compensate for their emissions of greenhouse gases supposedly. "The aim was to make profits, and at the expense of the climate," criticized Schneider. Basically, is "the like printing money."
Covered by politicians
The highest political circles revealed the dirty deals apparently sueddeutsche.de wrote. A decree of President Vladimir Putin entrusted accordingly Sberbank, Russia's largest financial institution, with the pre-selection and the management of climate projects. Officially, the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade had the last word - but his boss, Putin adviser German Gref have, changed to the top of parastatal Sberbank of 2007. Sberbank itself wanted, according to "Süddeutsche" to all of this not comment.
Only 2013 the game ended, according sueddeutsche.de when Russia got out of the Kyoto Protocol. Even before the EU had stopped trading with HFC-23 certificates. Ukraine use the loophole in the Kyoto Protocol but continue during overburden coal mines. Schneider warned study author therefore, in the new international climate change agreement that is to be decided at the end of the year at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris, such trickery would be excluded. It is "extremely important for a new agreement that you can not repeat this error," said the scientist.